What we did in 2019
January: The mystery of the Leekfrith Iron Age Torcs
At the first meeting of the year Stoke-on-Trent Young Archaeologists’ Club investigated the mysteries surrounding the four items of gold jewellery found by metal detectorists in a North Staffordshire field. These torcs, comprising three necklaces and one bracelet, are believed to be the oldest Iron Age gold items found in Britain so far. After examining the real objects in detail members created their own versions of the torcs but had to be happy with gold card, sequins and pipecleaners rather than precious metal.
February: Behind the Scenes at the Museum
In February members welcomed the Museum of Cannock Chase YAC to join them in finding out more about what happens to an object when it arrives at the museum. The first challenge was to pack delicate items, in this case eggs, safely and securely in archival packaging. After throwing the boxes around and 'accidentally' dropping them, amazingly all the eggs survived intact! Taking on the role of curators the group then examined real objects, completed the necessary paperwork and selected the most suitable gallery space in the Potteries Museum in which they might be displayed. It was great to get together and meet another YAC group.
March: Identifying pottery sherds
In March the Club had expert guidance in pottery identification from Stoke-on-Trent's City Archaeologist. Using examples of pottery sherds found on archaeological sites across Staffordshire he set the challenge of creating a timeline of pottery types from the Roman to the Victorian era. Members also learnt how to recognise different methods and stages of pottery production by examining the sherds for marks left by, for example, throwing or slip-casting. After considering what objects were represented by the pieces left behind members then used the evidence and their imaginations to draw the sherds re-creating what they might have looked like when complete.
April: Visit to Etruria Industrial Museum.
In April the Club toured Etruria Industrial Museum on one of it's steaming weekends. Members learnt about the bone & flint mill that used to grind materials for local potbanks. Did you know what bone china is made from 50% bone ash?! After lookig at some raw materials we looked around the mill, the saw boiler being fired up, and met 'Princess', the almost 200 year old beam engine that runs the machinery.
May: Historic building recording part 1: research.
In May the club explored some of the research methods used in archaeological building recording through looking at the changing landscape of Hanley from the late 19th Century up until the mid-20th Century. Members tested their knowledge of the local towns using modern satellite imagery to pinpoint their location when compared to old ordinance survey maps. Later, we investigated a series of historic and modern maps and placed them in chronological order by drawing inferences from the landmarks of Hanley, such as the decreasing number of pot banks, the appearance of war memorials and car parks! Using these inferences, we created a story for the changes in Hanley from the late 19th Century up until the middle of the 20th Century. After this we used some of the ordinance survey tools to see the changes through the last century in the areas that are important to us.
June: Historic building recording part 2: survey
In June the club welcomed Zoe Sutherland one of the city’s archaeologist to help lead this month’s practical session. Using an activity sheet, similar to what is used in the field, the club began surveying the former school adjacent to the Bethesda chapel (now the Stoke-on-Trent Sentinel offices). Members investigated the key architectural features of the building such as what type of materials were used; what style of roofing was used and what decorative elements are present on the building. Using clues from the building, members were also able to identify when the building was constructed, what the building was originally used for and also spotted various alterations that had occurred to the building over time. On the second half of the day, members sketched various elevations of the school, trying to record the building as one might do in the field for historic building recording!
July: Festival of Archaeology
In July, the club attended the Hanley museum’s festival of archaeology, with many of the themes focusing on the anniversary of the discovery of the Saxon hoard! In the morning, members tried their hands at metal detecting led by Kris Wisniewski, Helen Malbon and Mark Grodner from Keele University. After this the club split into two groups, with the first of the two groups learning about excavation techniques and having a go at excavating a faux Anglo-Saxon burial, led by city archaeologists Jon Goodwin and Zoe Sutherland. Whilst one group was in the hands of our city archaeologists, the other half of the club learned about zooarchaeology from Dr. Ashleigh Haruda, who showed the club how to identify and differentiate between various animal bones, how to spot cut marks and much more! After this, members tried to spot various animals present in iconography within the Saxon hoard! Later the club met with the Stoke-on-Trent Museum archaeological society and learned about various objects and projects undertaken in Stoke-on-Trent. After this the two groups switched and tried out all of the activities above. The Stoke-On-Trent YAC would like to thanks all of those involved in the festival of archaeology for helping to make a insightful and fun session!
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