Neolithic means ‘new stone age’. It is a period of prehistoric archaeology. In northern Europe, the Neolithic dates from 4000 BC to 2300 BC.
It was during the Neolithic that people first started farming, instead of hunting and gathering. Neolithic people used flint and stone to make tools, and some of the first pottery was made too. Neolithic peoples were also great builders. They constructed huge henges and stone circles, and began to build more permanent homes.
The inside of one of the Neolithic houses at Skara Brae in Orkney, Scotland showing some of the stone-built furniture! Skara Brae is a village of ten houses. People lived there between about 3180 BC–2500 BC. It is older than Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids in Egypt! © Don Henson